Bed, Bath, Ranker Lists and Beyond!

It’s Sunday, it’s freezing in Los Angeles and these are just some of the lists that were relevant on Ranker this week:

It’s November 5th… Can’t Shake This Feeling There’s Something I’m Supposed to Remember, Remember…

On November 5, 1605, a group of English Catholics planned to assassinate King James I of England and VI of Scotland by blowing up the House of Lords with gunpowder, but they were captured before their plan could come to fruition. Ever since, in England, it’s customary on November 5th to commemorate the event by setting bonfires or wearing masks inspired by one of the conspirators, Guy Fawkes. Today, the recognizable “Guy Fawkes” image is associated with a different group of revolutionaries, the shadowy online hackers association known as Anonymous.

It’s easy to understand why a lot of people would be intimidated by Anonymous. They try to make themselves kind of chilling with all that “we are legion… expect us…” stuff. Plus people in masks are always kind of unsettling. Also, they probably can figure out how much porn you’re watching, you know, if they feel like it. But Ranker user Beau Iverson urges us not to fear Anonymous, but to celebrate them, in this collection of the Operations That Will Make You Love Anonymous.

For example, did you know that Anonymous’ Operation Darknet busted an online pedophile ring. It’s true.

Hey, wait a minute. That’s all well and good, but they better not be trying to take Chris Hanson’s job!

Anonymous, you can wear all the masks you want, but keep stealing my bit… and I will find you… and I will ask you nicely to take a seat.

Zooey Deschanel Continues to Strip the Word “Adorkable” of All Meaning

It’s like nothing is sacred any more. Probably because no things are being held sacred.

In the latest example, America’s favorite woman who looks like Katy Perry that isn’t Katy Perry, Zooey Deschanel, was invited to sing the National Anthem at Game 4 of the World Series. Probably because she’s on that new show about that new girl who awkwardly sings all the time. And also maybe because she has this new Christmas album with M. Ward that is so unbearably twee, each time you listen to it, Wes Anderson actually comes to your home, brings you a new sweater-vest and then takes your portrait in it using an old-fashioned camera.

Check out how Zooey did, and how other celebs have fared at Francis Scott Key’s composition, in this look at some of Kel Varnsen’s least favorite National Anthem renditions.

Shawl Rock is Back!

In other music news, Florence Welch and her unnecessary plus sign are back with a second album this week. It’s called “Ceremonials,” cause… well, why not. Here’s “Shake It Out”:

There’s lots more (seriously, a whole lot for a group that only had one album before this) on Ranker’s Florence and the Machine Videos list. Maybe don’t watch them all in a row. That much twirling around in place could lead to a serious spell of vertigo.

Everyone Continues to Sort of Love Memes

Couple of hot memes in the past few weeks have captured the attention of the Ranker community and earned their very own lists.

The Good Guy Lucifer Meme features an image of the Devil himself, or at least a very David Bowie-ish interpretation of him from the DC Comics series “Lucifer.” The jokes themselves basically posit that Lucifer was a solid dude and years upon years of propaganda have caused us all to see him in a negative light. For example:

And so forth.

Also this week, we formally met Geeksquad Gus, who constantly gives you bad technology advice, typically involving upselling you on expensive purchases you don’t really need.

To wit:

I am sorry you had to see that photo. It’s in the interest of science. Wait, no, not science. What’s that thing that’s not at all scientific?

Well, that’s it for another week of great Ranker lists. Check out the blog here every Sunday for another wrap-up, and don’t forget to follow us on Twitter and Facebook to keep up with all the latest in listing.

List Roundup

Here are some of our favorite lists from around the web you may have missed this week.

1. The Worst Bands of All Time:

This is a CrowdRanked List that needs your input. Everyone is voting on this list and at the moment Nickleback is in a close battle with Creed. Now is your time to voice your opinion and let the world know what band you think really really sucks.


 

2. Forbes Most Powerful People in the World:

This is a awesome list of the 70 most powerful movers and shakers in the world. As you might imagine The President Barack Obama tops the list and Kathy Griffin just missed the cut, again.

 

3. The Long List of Jewish Reality Stars:

This clever list was compiled by Jewish celebrity gossip columnist Cheryl Jacobs. Here is a clip of the colorful Jewish host of the show Millionaire Matchmaker, Patti Stanger.

 

4. The 50 Greatest College Basketball Players of All Time:

A great subjective, detailed and entertaining read as the NCAA basketball season tips off this week. The guys a Grantland publish some great articles and podcasts be sure to check them out if you want to stay up to date on your sports news.

 

5. America’s Most Broke Cities:

Our friends at The Daily Beast compiled a depressing list filled with some scary stats. Did you know that Reno has an unemployment rate of 13%? Or that Savannah(below) has an average credit score of 716? Ouch.

Boat river list
 

6. Best Leadership Books of All Time:

Inc.com put together a quick list of some of the best leadership books ever written. If you are looking for some early Christmas gifts for your boss, be sure to check this great list for ideas.

 

7. Expensive Sports Divorces:

The shocker of the week was provided by the Humpdashian divorce spawning this list from Yahoo. Our favorite divorce was Michael Jordan and his ex-wife Juanita topping the list at $168 million. A minor speed bump for the Air Jordan Empire.

 

8. Foursquare Badge List:

The buzz around the office is that it isn’t complete but it is pretty extensive. One that really stood out to us was The Douchebag Badge; check in to 25 venues tagged “douchebags”.

 

9. Essential Apps of 2011:

As determined by the team at Wired, some of these must haves apps have become an integral part of our lives. We love the Twitter and Instapaper apps. What are the two apps you can’t live without?

 

10. The 7 Most Frivolous Lawsuits Against Celebrities:

A great Ranker list of nutty lawsuits against some high-profile celebs. This might be the sole reason P.R. people still have jobs to fend off rumors, like this weeks news that The Bieber allegedly knocked-up a girl who is know seeking child support. Tsk Tsk.

Twitter Give Away

You’re a Ranker fan, you love making lists and now we want to reward you with a treat. So, we’re hosting a simple Twitter promo these next few days to give away two brand new copies of the most anticipated video game of the year, The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim to two separate, random Ranker Twitter followers if we can reach 5000 Twitter followers by the release date, 11-11-11.

All you need to do to be entered to win is click the follow button below to follow Ranker. If you are already a follower of Ranker’s Twitter account, you’ve already been entered to win. Thank you from the bottom of our hearts and good luck in the give away.


Skyrim is going be one of the hottest games of the year with one of the largest worlds to explore. If you’re like us, we think it might even be the best rpg. Another reason we think you might like a copy is because in the Ranker community there continues to be a lot of chatter about it’s anticipation.

We are definitely giving away one copy is Skyrim next week and if we reach our goal of 5000 before Skyrim hits stores we’ll give away a second copy. Be sure to let all your gamer friends know what’s going down this week at Ranker ASAP, because if we get to 5000 followers before Skyrim hit stores, we’ll give away an extra copy to a different follower, essentially doubling your chances of winning if we hit 5000! BONUS! All it takes is one click to follow the Ranker account to be entered to win a copy of Skyrim. It’s that simple. As of this afternoon we are 84% of the way there and only need a few more followers to join our Ranker Twitter Army to reach our goal.

Let your gaming buddies know, share this story on Facebook and Google Plus, retweet our tweets or send out a message with the following text:  

Calling all my gamer tweeps. Follow @Ranker by Nov 11th to win 1 of 2 copies of The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim.  

Thank you and good luck.

And now for the entertainment:

List of the Day: Best Chips in the World

New user MicaceousMicah has started what is sure to be an epic list battle.

Best Chips in the World

Go. Vote for your favorite. Add those that are represented yet.

My favorite is definitely Spicy Sweet Chili Doritos!

List of the Day: Kim Kardashian’s Divorce Explodes the Internet

When professional celebrity Kim Kardashian married sports star Kris Humphries  in a two hour E! TV special, it seemed like a match made in Reality TV Producer heaven. I mean, after all the suffering and heartbreak that poor Kim had gone through, what with a leaked sex tape that happened to slingshot her into stardom and on again off again relationships with multiple football players, the nation wept to see her finally settle down with her hulking Prince Charming.

Now all our hopes and dreams of a happy ending for little Kim have come crashing down. With the announcement today that Kim and Kris’ epic 72-day old marriage was coming to an end, the internet exploded in response. It was with great remorse that Ranker user Ariel Kana has put together the Funniest Reactions to Kim Kardashian’s Divorce.

God Speed Kim. We all hope that your heart heals and you learn to love again. Hopefully in time for next May’s sweeps.

Happy Halloween from Ranker!

This is Halloween, this is Halloween, something something in the dead of night.

Never actually learned all the words to that one. Seriously, try singing the non-”This is Halloween” part to yourself right now. Something about pumpkins and trick or treating, but damned if I know quite what. Anyway, it’s a fun song and eventually the sentient skeleton god learns that the true meaning of Christmas is he, as a ghoul, should not be celebrating it in the first place. Everyone can relate to that.

At Ranker, we love Halloween, and not just because it’s an excuse for us to go outside in our pajamas and pretend that it’s a “costume” rather than the thing we’d prefer to be doing every day. It’s also because we love horror movies – and have a ton of great lists about them on our site – and October 31st just happens to be the best day out of the year to watch them all! All of these rankings of the greatest horror films were voted on by dozens, hundreds and, in some cases, thousands of Ranker users. They won’t steer you wrong.

So whether you’re looking to have a scary movie marathon all Monday night, or just have a few titles to throw up in the background during your next frightful soiree, these lists ought to do the trick.

The Best Found Footage Movies

The “found footage” genre has been around for years but recently, in the wake of the “Blair Witch” phenomenon and the explosion of amateur video on YouTube and mobile phones, it has become totally ubiquitous. It seems like each week, a different movie that was supposedly “discovered” on an abandoned blood-spattered camera in the woods, pops up in multiplexes, complete with a lavish marketing campaign and a bevy of young starlets who filmed it during a long weekend while they were still hoping to land a callback for Fincher’s “Girl with the Dragon Tattoo” remakes.

The format works particularly well for horror movies. It just makes a lot more sense that a homemade video completed under suspicious circumstances would provide the set-up for a thriller, as opposed to, say, a movie in which the hero is forced, through a set of outrageous circumstances, to take the place of a beloved character from folklore. Such as the Easter Bunny. (Have they done that one yet? Cause that idea is GOLD. Someone get The Rock’s agent on the phone… I’ll wait…)

One recent entry in the “found footage” genre that’s scoring with the Ranker community is “The Last Exorcism,” a low-budget “found footage” take on the exorcist sub-genre that’s now available on Netflix Streaming. It’s a mockumentary supposedly chronicling the life of a former professional exorcist and fraud who has agreed to reveal the tricks he once used to fool people. Of course, most people who have seen movies have probably already guessed that, this one last time, the exorcism may just turn out to be… real?

Check out the trailer:

A good pick for Halloween, especially because, if you have Netflix, you can watch it right now without having to worry about standing up or putting on pants.

The Best Haunted House Movies

A ranked list of over 20 of the classic entries in perhaps the most popular sub-genre of horror films, the haunted house movie. Not a ton of surprises in the Top 5 – “The Shining,” as always, leads the pack, and rightfully so. Stanley Kubrick’s chilling, cold re-imagining of Stephen King’s claustrophobic bestseller remains just as mysterious and other-worldly as it did back in 1980.

Also performing really well on the list is the creepy, underrated “Stir of Echoes,” based on another novel by Richard Matheson. (Quick trivia! Matheson also wrote the books that inspired the films “Omega Man,” “I Am Legend,” “The Legend of Hell House,” “What Dreams May Come” AND “The Incredible Shrinking Woman.”)

Kevin Bacon stars as a normal guy who gets hypnotized at a party and then starts getting cryptic messages from a dead girl whose spirit lives in his house.

Yes, this is one of those movies where ghosts force the living to do errands for them and finish up their earthly business, as if these people don’t have other stuff to take care of during the course of a typical day. They’re still alive, ghosts… they have jobs.

Horror Movies Based on True Stories

Obviously we’re not saying these movies are actually TRUE in that there are really demons and ghosts and what have you. But these are films based on actual incidents and reports of supernatural activity, most of which have not been entirely debunked or disproven.

’70s classics “The Exorcist” and “The Amityville Horror” are probably the most famous examples of this trend, but some of the other items on the list might surprise you. Did you know, for example, that Peter Benchly’s book which inspired the film “Jaws” was based on a real series of shark attacks off the coast of the Jersey Shore? (Sounds like they had a Situation! Wow… I’m sorry about that…)

The list also includes the sad tale of Ed Gein, the Wisconsin serial murderer who is often credited as the inspiration for, among other movie murderers, Leatherface, Norman Bates AND Buffalo Bill from “Silence of the Lambs.” No word about whether or not he actually ever said this in real life, but we can just go ahead and assume he did because it’s more grim and Halloween-y that way.

The Sexiest Vampire Movies Ever

Finally, once the kids have fully processed those 28 Pixie Stix, crashed and wandered woozily off to bed, maybe Mom and Dad want to have a little… adult Halloween time. Then, it’s time for the to put away the childish horror films and opt for more erotic, sensual fare, which is exactly why you need expert advice on which vampire movies are the hottest. (If the word “Twilight” just popped into your head… just know that I’m disappointed in you.)

After a considerable amount of votes have come in, the verdict is clear: Kate Beckinsale from the “Underworld” films is the Internet’s pick for hottest vampire. Is it Beckinsale’s steely, athletic performance that gives the “Underworld” movies their sexy charge? Or perhaps the fact that she’s wearing an outfit that’s so rubbery and skin-tight, it kind of creeped out the monster from “American Horror Story.”

Seriously, I know I’m a vengeful spirit made of bondage gear incapable of experiencing human emotions like lust… but that Beckinsale costume is ridiculous.

Shockingly, Eddie Murphy’s foray into urban horror – “Vampire in Brooklyn” (directed by Wes Craven) – didn’t fare as well, and is bringing up the rear of the list. I seriously can’t imagine why it never found a larger audience, save for the fact that it’s nearly unwatchably terrible. But I mean… aside from that… what’s the beef, horror fans?

For even more awesome Halloween movie-themed list action, check out this guide to Nostalgic Halloween Movies (mostly from the ’80s and ’90s) as well as this authoritative guide to Movies to Watch on Halloween from local favorite AriannaFelidae. I can honestly tell you that they are both a graveyard smash, and I don’t throw that term around willy-nilly.

List of the Day: Best Cartoon Characters of the 90′s

Ah nostalgia! There is nothing quite as glorious as sitting back and remembering the good ol’ days. Something about thinking back on your childhood just gives you a warm fuzzy feeling like a nice cozy blanket over your heart. I love it. Which is why when I came across the Best Cartoon Characters of the 90′s list made by one of our new favorite user, Imaginary Zipper, I feel in love with it instantly.

I mean, for those of us that grew up on MTV, Nickelodeon and Saturday Morning Power Block, how could we forget the greatness of sitting in front of the TV after school and watching Ren & Stimpy, The Tick or Animaniacs. Remember when your parents used to say that cartoons did nothing but rot your brain, but then you busted out the States and Capitals Song and they had to second guess their parenting skills?

I am going to just put it out there right now. The cartoons of today have nothing on the brilliance that came from 90′s cartoons. Sure, Spongebob Squarepants can be appreciated every now and again, but that’s just one show. Most of the cartoons nowadays are just one long flashing fight scene or something incomprehensibly Japanese. (Not that there is anything wrong with foreign cartoons being passed off as American. I loved Thundercats and Transformers and know that they were made over seas.) I know I sound like an old fart, but you have to admit, there is nothing like the “Happy Happy Joy Joy” song out there today.

The List of the Day: Haunt My House Edition

Halloween is fast approaching, and here at Ranker we are really getting into the spirit of things. From the spider webs creeping down the walls to engulf Mike, our resident zombie, to the fridge filled with literal “finger food”, you can’t swing the office’s dead cat without hitting something that would scare grandma into the afterlife.

How do we come up with all these ghoulish ideas, I hear you asking. Well, our friend, Chef Jen has come up with a great list of Halloween Decoration Ideas to help spook your house!

Spooky House
Your house may be full of blobs, aliens and monsters year round, but Halloween is the only acceptable time to let your neighbors know.

When it comes to trick or treating most kids will just settle for going to the houses with the porch light on. Why not make your house more inviting to the little creeps and witches by putting a full graveyard in the front yard complete with bubbling cauldron and reaching hands.


The Johnson’s always have the best candy. Too bad 1 out of every 20 kids doesn’t come out.

Halloween comes but once a year, so do something special. Even if it means just covering Dad in toilet paper and having him jump out of a trashcan. It just goes to show that even a good DIY Halloween decoration can be better than the $100 store-bought one.

Gin and Juice and Lists. In That Order.

It’s Sunday evening, it’s the week before Halloween, it’s time to look at the big news of the week and how it relates to lists that were written on Ranker.com! (I know, just what you were thinking to yourself only moments ago.)

Muammar Gaddafi’s Name Was Hard to Spell and Now He’s Dead

If I had to sum up the Internet’s reaction to the death of long-time Libyan dictator Muammar Gaddafi, that would be it. But if I had a bit more time to expand on that, it would look like this list of Internet Reactions to Gaddafi’s Death. They range from the humorous to the sardonic to the sardonically humorous, with most of them fixated on Gaddafi’s bizarre personal style and peculiar appearance, rather than, say, his human rights record. Such is the Internet.

Also, because it wouldn’t be the Internet without constant pop culture references being run into the ground, Gaddafi’s death was also another chance for everyone to get “Back to the Future” out of their system. Oh, and was this yet another excuse to resuscitate the zombie-like “Chuck Testa” meme? Nope. Oh, I mean, yup.

The Most Influential Contemporary Americans. Besides Octomom, Of Course.

This week will see the release of the Steve Jobs biography by Walter Isaacson, who enjoyed unprecedented access to the late Apple founder and International Turtleneck of Mystery. Everyone’s buzzing about the huge revelations said to be contained between the book’s covers. For example, did you know Steve Jobs was the one who suggested to Kris Kross that they wear their clothes backwards? It would be weird if you did know that, because I just made it up. So, just saying, one of the two of us is lying.

More discussion of Jobs and his importance to global technology and innovation got lots of Ranker users thinking… who are the most influential, important contemporary American thinkers? The late 20th Century and early 21st Century figures who have had the most impact on the way each American citizen lives and thinks. (We’re remaining fairly vague about exactly what “contemporary” means, but most of the folks on the list seem to date from about the 1980s and on.) Jobs, obviously, ranks pretty high, as does fellow technologist Mark Zuckerberg. Also notably on the list? Mike “The Situation” Sorrentino. OK, fine, he’s in 80th place, and yes, I may have put him on there myself. But he made the list folks.

Don’t think he’s influential? How many of you were just compelled to vomit a bit in your own mouth? I think I’ve made my point.

AND SPEAKING OF LAME REALITY TV STARS…

That’s what we in the business call a segue, folks.

“Jersey Shore” wrapped up its fourth season this week, with the cast members departing from their borrowed home in Florence and the entire continent breathing a huge sigh of relief. (Yes, there’s that whole imminent threat of economic collapse thing, but at least they get to face it Snooki-free!)

All of this begs the question… as much as it’s hilarious and fun to hate on the “Jersey Shore” kids… are they really the most vile, loathsome characters reality TV has brought into our homes? Are there people out there more insipid, banal and hateful? This crowd-sourced list of the Worst Reality TV Stars attempts to answer that very question.

Just going to put out there… Kim Kardashian qualifies for this list. I know my Rankers pretty well, and I’m thinking she’s probably going to be tough to beat. Smart money is on at least one Kardashian making it into the Final 3. Just based on numbers alone, they’ve got to like their chances.

And while we’re rating the worst of TV’s cheesiest genre, check out the crowd-sourced list of the overall Lamest Reality Shows. Or don’t. You ain’t have to take my advice. I’m not here to make friends.

Happy Birthday to Snoop!

And finally, Tha Doggfather himself, Calvin Broadus, better known as Snoop Dogg, turned 40 years old this week. He’ll celebrating with a tall, cool glass of Gin and Prune Juice. No, but seriously, though, he’s still obsessed with the chronic. Chronic back pain. What, we have time for one more? OK, he’s still asking people “What’s my name?,” but only because he’s genuinely forgotten.

And if you don’t think three solid one-liners is enough effort to earn a click-through to this list of Snoop’s greatest music video hits, well, then you’ve got a lot to learn about being a solid Internet citizen, my friend.

Fine, one more. Years of constant blunt smoking means that now his lung function is dropping like it’s hot. There, see? You got greedy.

Is Michael Blakey the World’s Sexiest Man?

Part of my day-to-day job at Ranker is keeping an eye on the new lists that come in from the thousands of users who visit the site every day. Over the past week or so, I’ve started seeing a name pop up on a bunch of these new lists, a name I didn’t recognize, and that seemed out of place much of the time. That name is Michael Blakey.

Michael Blakey portrait

Blakey appears on this exhaustive list that came in of the world’s best drummers. And it totally makes sense that he would be here, because Wikipedia tells me that Mr. Blakey is a drummer, music producer and promoter from London, England. Fitting that he’d appear on such a thorough, 860-name long list of drummers, wouldn’t you say?

But I first noticed Blakey’s name the previous day, when not 1, not 2, not 3 but 4 TOTAL LISTS came in with the name Michael Blakey on them. That’s kind of extreme for a figure that, while he has worked with some prominent names and seems to be enjoying some level of professional success, doesn’t really feel like a celebrity of quite that magnitude.

Still, I suppose it would be possible for 4 lists from passionate drumming/music production fans to come in on a single day. But these lists are… different. Here’s one, for example:

20 Hottest Hollywood Hunks

Michael Blakey, the man pictured above, appears at #1 on this list, narrowly beating out Brad Pitt and Zac Efron. Quite an achievement.

Also, check out these comments that were made on Blakey’s picture on the list:

JanetMcgally there is the name of the user who created the “Hottest Hunks” list. That other user, EverGreen? In a huge, shocking coincidence, it turns out they are the user who made the “Best Drummers” list I mentioned above! Two huge Blakey fans who would love nothing more than to gawk at the object of their mutual affections sans clothing! And they found each other, thanks to Ranker! I could not be more pleased…

But just to be completist, let’s take a look at another list Janet made that day…

Top 10 Sexiest Male Musicians Ever

Blakey claims the top spot here. #1 with a bullet, narrowly edging out Steven Tyler and Jon Bon Jovi for the top prize.

And what’s this? ANOTHER list from an entirely different user, also listing Michael Blakey in the “Top 20 Hollywood Celebrity Hunks,” also written on that same October afternoon? Notably, this time, Blakey comes in #7, not #1. He’s taken down by George Clooney and Colin Firth in the top two spots. We do, however, get some more insight into the source of Blakey’s reputation for raw animal sex appeal.

Michael Blakey was named as one of the 20 sexiest musicians in the World by Melody Maker Magazine in the mid 90′s. Was a recurring feature model for GQ magazine (Gentleman’s Quarterly) Europe from 1993-97 and referred to as “The Perfect Build” Michael Blakey listed in the top 10 sexiest musicians of all time in 1996 by Euro music magazine.

So, yeah, this comes from Melody Maker Magazine, people. Recognize!

I saw all these lists come in, of course, and noticed the name “Michael Blakey” on all of them… but I’ll level with you folks. I sort of assumed that Michael Blakey was some uber-hot European musician of the moment, and that I was simply ignorant of his career, up-and-coming as it was. I didn’t realize that this was ridiculous and not particularly true until just today, when “The Top 30 Hottest Male Celebrities” wound up on my screen.

Again, Blakey here ranks in 7th place. Between David Beckham and Zac Efron. Directly above James Franco and Tyrese. This is the photo that now accompanies his name, thanks to dedicated user EverGreen (that’s right, the same user who made the Greatest Drummers list AND another Hottest Hunks Blakey list.)

Blakey at the Piano

I recognized finally that something might be amiss, did a little bit of digging, and ended up discovering the story you have just read. I also noticed Michael Blakey’s Twitter feed, on which he’s crowing about finally taking that smug Brad Pitt jerk down a few pegs:

@ProducerMichael

He truly is #1. You can’t argue with the Internet.

So what to make of all this? And how should Ranker respond? Obviously, we want accurate information on our site, so if someone is coming to find a list of the 20 Hottest Hollywood Hunks, we want them to find exactly that, and not 19 famous Hollywood hunks mixed in with a relatively obscure music industry guy who probably looked pretty alright back in the mid-’90s. (You be the judge!)

But at the same time, we don’t want to discourage epic Michael Blakey fans (or, we’re not saying this is true but come on everyone is thinking it maybe Michael Blakey himself) from coming to Ranker to have their opinion heard. That’s what the site’s all about.

So what would you do in this situation? And should we send this post to Michael Blakey? I hear he’s on Twitter. And that he’s hotter than Brad Pitt.