A Ranker World of Comedy Opinion Graph: Who Connects the Funny Universe?

In the previous post, we showed how a Gephi layout algorithm was able to capture different domains in the world of comedy across all of the Ranker lists tagged with the word “funny”.  However, these algorithms also give us information about the roles that individuals play within clusters. The size of the node indicates that node’s ability to connect other nodes, so bigger nodes indicate individuals who serve as a gateway between different nodes and categories.  These are the nodes that you would want to target if you wanted to reach the broadest audience, as people who like these comedic individuals also like many others.  Sort of like having that one friend who knows everyone send out the event invite instead of having to send it to a smaller group of friends in your own social network and hoping it gets around. So who connects the comedic universe?

The short answer: Dave Chappelle (click to enlarge)

Chappelle

Dave Chappelle is the superconnector. He has both the largest number of direct connections and the largest number of overall connections. If you want to reach the most people, go to him. If you want to connect people between different kinds of comedy, go to him.  He is the center of the comedic universe. He’s not the only one with connections though.

Top 10 Overall Connectors

  1. Dave Chappelle 
  2. Eddie Izzard 
  3. John Cleese 
  4. Ricky Gervais
  5. Rowan Atkinson
  6. Eric Idle
  7. Billy Connolly
  8. Bill Hicks
  9. It’s Always Sunny In Philadelphia
  10. Sarah Silverman

 

We can also look at who the biggest connectors are between different comedy domains.

  • Contemporary TV Shows: It’s Always Sunny in Philadelphia, ALF, and The Daily Show are the strongest connectors. They provide bridges to all 6 other comedy domains.
  • Contemporary Comedians on American Television: Dave Chappelle, Eddie Izzard and Ricky Gervais are the strongest connectors. They provide bridges to all 6 other comedy domains.
  •  Classic Comedians: John Cleese and Eric Idle are the strongest connectors. They provide bridges to all 6 other comedy domains.
  • Classic TV Shows: The Muppet Show and Monty Python’s Flying Circus are the strongest connectors. They provide bridges to Classic TV Comedians, Animated TV shows, and Classic Comedy Movies.
  • British Comedians: Rowan Atkinson is the strongest connector. He serves as a bridge to all of the other 6 comedy domains.
  • Animated TV Shows: South Park is the strongest connector. It serves as a bridge to Classic Comedians, Classic TV Shows, and British Comedians.
  • Classic Comedy Movies: None of the nodes in this domain were strong connectors to other domains, though National Lampoon’s Christmas Vacation was the strongest node in this network.

 

 

A Ranker Opinion Graph of the Domains of the World of Comedy

One unique aspect of Ranker data is that people rank a wide variety of lists, allowing us to look at connections beyond the scope of any individual topic.  We compiled data from all of the lists on Ranker with the word “funny” to get a bigger picture of the interconnected world of comedy.  Using Gephi layout algorithms, we were able to create an Opinion Graph which categorizes comedy domains and identify points of intersection between them (click to make larger).

all3sm

In the following graphs, colors indicate different comedic categories that emerged from a cluster analysis, and the connecting lines indicate correlations between different nodes with thicker lines indicating stronger relationships.  Circles (or nodes) that are closest together are most similar.  The classification algorithm produced 7 comedy domains:

 

CurrentTVwAmerican TV Shows and Characters: 26% of comedy, central nodes =  It’s Always Sunny in Philadelphia, ALF, The Daily Show, Chappelle’s Show, and Friends.

NowComedianwContemporary Comedians on American Television: 25% of nodes, includes Dave Chappelle, Eddie Izzard, Ricky Gervais, Billy Connolly, and Bill Hicks.

 

ClassicComedianswClassic Comedians: 15% of comedy, central nodes = John Cleese, Eric Idle, Michael Palin, Charlie Chaplin, and George Carlin.

ClassicTVClassic TV Shows and Characters: 14% of comedy, central nodes = The Muppet Show, Monty Python’s Flying Circus, In Living Color, WKRP in Cincinnati, and The Carol Burnett Show.

BritComwBritish Comedians: 9% of comedy, central nodes = Rowan Atkinson, Jennifer Saunders, Stephen Fry, Hugh Laurie, and Dawn French.

AnimwAnimated TV Shows and Characters: 9% of comedy, central nodes = South Park, Family Guy, Futurama, The Simpsons, and Moe Szyslak.

MovieswClassic Comedy Movies: 1.5% of comedy, central nodes = National Lampoon’s Christmas Vacation, Ghostbusters, Airplane!, Vacation, and Caddyshack.

 

 

Clusters that are the most similar (most overlap/closest together):

  • Classic TV Shows and Contemporary TV Shows
  • British Comedians and Classic TV shows
  • British Comedians and Contemporary Comedians on American Television
  • Animated TV Shows and Contemporary TV Shows

Clusters that are the most distinct (lest overlap/furthest apart):

  • Classic Comedy Movies do not overlap with any other comedy domains
  • Animated TV Shows and British Comedians
  • Contemporary Comedians on American Television and Classic TV Shows

 

Take a look at our follow-up post on the individuals who connect the comedic universe.

– Kate Johnson

 

by    in Data, Data Science, Opinion Graph

A Ranker Opinion Graph of Important Life Goals

What does it mean to be successful, and what life goals should we be setting in order to get there? Is spending time with family most important? What about your career?  We asked people to rank their life goals in order of importance on Ranker, and using a layout algorithm (force atlas in Gephi), we were able to determine goal categories and organized these goals into a layout which placed goals most closely related nearer to each other.

The connecting lines in the graph represent significant correlations or relationships between different life goals, with thicker lines indicating stronger relationships.  The colors in the graph differentiate between unique groups that emerged from a cluster analysis.  Click on the below graph to expand it.

all_black

The classification algorithm produced 5 main life goal clusters:
(1) Religion/Spirituality (e.g., Christian values, achieving Religion & Spirituality),
(2) Achievement and Material Goods (e.g., being a leader, avoiding failure, having money/wealth),
(3) Interpersonal Involvement/Moral Values (e.g., sharing life, doing the right thing, being inspiring),
(4) Personal Growth (e.g., achieving wisdom & serenity, pursuing ideals and passions, peace of mind), and
(5) Emotional/Physical Well-Being (e.g., being healthy, enjoying life, being happy).

These clusters are well matched to those identified by Robert Emmon’s (1999) psychological research on goal pursuit and well-being. Emmon’s found that life goals form 4 primary categories: work and achievement, relationships and intimacy, religion and spirituality, and generativity (leaving legacy/contributing to society).

However, not all goals are created equal.  While success related goals may be able to help us get ahead in life, they also have downsides.   People who focus on zero-sum goals such as work and achievement tend to report less happiness and life satisfaction compared to people who pursue goals. Our data also show a large divide between Well-being and Work/Achievement goals with relatively no overlap between these two groups.

Other interesting relationships in our graph:

  • Goals related to moral values (e.g., doing the right thing) were clustered with (and therefore more closely related to) interpersonal goals than they were to religious goals.
  • Sexuality was related to goals from opposite ends of the space in unique ways. Well-being goals were related to sexual intimacy whereas Achievement goals were related to promiscuity.
  • While most goal clusters were primarily made up of goals for pursuing positive outcomes, the Achievement/Material Goods goal cluster also included the most goals related to avoiding negative consequences (e.g., avoiding failure, avoiding effort, never going to jail).
  • Our Personal Growth goal cluster is unique from many of the traditional goal taxonomies in the psychological literature, and our data did not find the typical goal cluster related to Generativity. This may show a shift in goal striving from community growth to personal growth.

– Kate Johnson

Citation: Emmons, R. A. (1999). The psychology of ultimate concerns: Motivation and spirituality in personality. New York: Guilford Press.

 

by    in Opinion Graph, Ranker Comics

A Cluster Analysis of the Superpower Opinion Graph produces 5 Superhero types

If you could have one superpower, which would you choose?  Data from the Ranker list “Badass Superpowers We’d Give Anything to Have” improves on the age-old classroom ice breaker question by letting people rank all of the superpowers in order of how much they would want them.  Because really, unless you’re one of the X-men, you probably would have more than one power. So, if you could have a collection of superpowers, what kind of superhero would you be?

Using Gephi and data from Ranker’s Opinion Graph, we ran a cluster analysis on people’s votes on the superpowers list to determine what groupings of superpowers different people wanted.

This analysis grouped superpowers into 5 clusters, which we interpreted to represent unique superhero types.

 

The Overall Superpower Opinion Graph

Allpowers

 

 

The 5 Types of Superheroes

    god

1. The Creationist God: This superhero type is characterized by creation and destruction, Old-Testament Christian God-style. Notable superpowers: the ability to create/destroy worlds, die and come back to life, have gods’ weapons (Thor’s Hammer, Zeus’ Thunderbolt), remove others’ senses, and resurrect the dead.

timelord

2. The Time Lord: This superhero type is basically The Doctor from Dr. Who. Notable superpowers: omnipotence, travel to other dimensions, open portals to anywhere, and travel beyond the omniverse.

elementalist

3. The Elementalist: This superhero type has the ability to manipulate the elements and use them as weapons to their advantage. Notable superpowers: manipulation of water, fire, weather, and plants, ability to shapeshift, shoot ice, and lightning and fire.

superman

4. The Superhuman: This superhero type is humans+, with enhanced human senses and decreased human limitations. Notable superpowers: sense danger, x-ray vision, walk through walls, super speed, mind reading, flight, super strength, and enhanced flexibility.

zen

5. The Zen Master: This superhero type sounds a bit like being permanently on mind-altering psychoactive substances crossed with Gandhi. Notable superpowers: speech empowerment, spiritual enlightenment, and infinite appetite!!.

 

-Kate Johnson

Ranker Opinion Graph: the Best Froyo Toppings

Its hard to resist a cold treat on a hot summer afternoon, and frozen yogurt shops with their array of flavors and toppings have a little of something for everyone. Once you’re done agonizing over whether you want new york cheesecake or wild berry froyo (and trying a sample of each at least twice), its time for the topping bar. But which topping should you choose? We asked people to vote for their favorite frozen yogurt toppings on Ranker from a list of 32 toppings, and they responded with over 7,500 votes.

The Top 5 Frozen Yogurt Toppings (by number of upvotes):
1. Oreo (235 votes)
2. Strawberries(225 votes)
3. Brownie bits (223 votes)
4. Hot fudge (216 votes)
5. Whipped cream (201 votes)

But let’s be honest, who can just choose just ONE topping for their froyo? Using Gephi and data from Ranker’s Opinion Graph, we ran a cluster analysis on people’s favorite froyo topping votes to determine which toppings people like to eat together (click on graph to enlarge). In the graph, larger circles mean more likes with other toppings. Most of the versatile toppings were either a syrup (like strawberry sauce) or chocolate candy (like Reese’s Pieces).froyo

The 10 Most Versatile Froyo Toppings:

1. Strawberry sauce
2. Snickers
3. Magic Shell
4. White Chocolate chips
5. Peanut butter chips
6. Butterscotch syrup
7. Candies Nestle Butterfinger Bar
8. Reese’s Pieces
9. M&Ms
10. Brownie bits

 

Using the modularity clustering tool in Gephi, we were then able to sort toppings into groups based on which toppings people were most likely to upvote together. We identified 4 kinds of froyo topping lovers:

fruitnut1. Fruit and Nuts (Blue): This cluster is all about the fruits and nuts. These people love Strawberry sauce, sliced almonds, and Marschino cherries.

chocolate2. Chocolate (purple): This cluster encompases all things chocolate. These people love Magic Shell, Brownie bits, and chocolate syrup.

 

sugar3. Sugar candy (green): This cluster is made up of pure sugar. These people love gummy worms, Rainbow sprinkles, and Skittles.

 

 

salty4. Salty and Cake (Red): This cluster encompasses cake bites and toppings that have a salty taste to them. These people like Snickers, Cheesecake bits, and Caramel Syrup.

 

Some additional thoughts:

  • Banana was a strange topping that was only linked with Snickers.
  •  People who like nuts like both fruit and items from the salty category.
  •  People who like blueberries only like other fruits.
  • People who like sugar items like gummy worms also like chocolate, but don’t particularly like fruit.

 

– Kate Johnson